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What is a ‘pivot’ in basketball?


But what if A1 catches the ball while already on the floor? Say A1 catches or recovers the ball while touching the floor with other than a hand or foot. A1 can be lying still, diving into a tangle of legs or sliding along the floor. A1 can also catch the ball airborne and hit the floor other than feet-first. In all these cases, A1’s feet either never touch the ground to establish a pivot foot or what would be the pivot foot, if A1 was standing, moves.

field goal attempt

It is important to note that most of the time, and especially with younger players, the counters should not be taught immediately. Too often players fall in love with the counters when the initial back pivot shot is open. The action a player will use while in possession of the ball to move in any direction while still keeping one foot in contact with the floor.

Others may be completely unfamiliar, but are widely used in other sports and are applicable to basketball. However, I’ve heard some coaches call a back/reverse pivot as in this situation, an inside pivot. Lastly an offensive player can use a fake double drop to counter a defender who anticipates the back pivot move. If an offensive player gets cut off late by a defender, either their check or the help side defender, they apply a back pivot.

If both feet are off the floor and the player lands on both feet simultaneously, the moment one foot is lifted the other foot becomes the pivot foot. Here, a forward pivot would have the player pivoting , or stepping forward in a counterclockwise motion . A reverse pivot would have the player pivoting, or stepping backwards (drop-stepping) in a clockwise motion. Just the opposite would be the case if the right foot were the pivot foot.

Basketball Moves: Front Pivot

You cannot hold onto the ball for more than five seconds once you’ve begun pivoting; if you try to do so, your movement may be disrupted and cause turnovers or missed shots. To do this, you need to be able to switch your pivot foot quickly and easily. Make sure you have an understanding of where everything is in relation to each other before making any sudden movements with your camera. Pivot feet are available as part of many different cameras, so there’s no need to sacrifice quality or functionality just because you’re using a handheld device. Player dives to the floor, gains control of the ball and slides. Player may legally slide as far a momentum takes him/her.

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Remember that the pivot foot should never move from the pivot point. The act of keeping one foot in place while holding the ball and moving the other foot one step in any direction, so as not to be charged with traveling. If a player, with the ball in his possession, raises his pivot foot off the floor, he must pass or shoot before his pivot foot returns to the floor. If he drops the ball while in the air, he may not be the first to touch the ball. A progressing player who jumps off one foot on the first step may land with both feet simultaneously for the second step. In this situation, the player may not pivot with either foot and if one or both feet leave the floor the ball must be released before either returns to the floor.

Drill – Basic Stationary Pivoting

The problem with most players attempting to make an off-hand layup isn’t strength or control of the arm or hand, it’s that the player has to jump off the non-dominant leg. Maintain a wide stance with both feet about shoulder-width apart. A shoulder-width stance is sufficient enough to increase the ability to quickly move forward, backward, or shoot jump shots and free throws. To increase the ability to move laterally, separate the feet even more than shoulder-width. Establishing post position requires an extremely wide stance. Proper footwork is the foundation of the game of basketball.

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There’s a good reason why refs in leagues that feature the youngest players don’t call most traveling violations (and that’s perfectly fine). This high speed of play combined with still-developing skills and game sense is a perfect recipe for a lot of traveling violations and other mistakes. One of the most common things you hear about great basketball players is how they play the game at their own pace. Pivoting in basketball is an action the ball-handler can take by rotating around on a pivot foot without picking it up.

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You can define this however you want, but we generally say it is with at least one foot in the key. It can be used when the defender covering the ball cuts off the path to the basket. It can also be used the a help side defender rotates to cut off the offensive player’s path to the basket.

A cutter on an off the ball cut, or on a pick and roll can use a back pivot without a dribble to shoot. Similarly, without a dribble a player who gets an offensive rebound can rebound the ball and back pivot to shoot or pass. You must move your feet quickly to stay in front of the offensive player. You must know how to “close-out” on the offensive man and play good “on-ball” defense. There is confusion over the rules and what is legal and what constitutes a traveling violation.

  • From El Capotillo, the film ends on the historic Gorée Island in Senegal, in front of the Atlantic with a pivot point of what were the slave-trading quarters.
  • This is considered a legal move and will result in them taking two steps before coming to a stop.
  • The speed, agility and unexpected reactions of players can make the task feel like counting the blades on a moving fan.
  • Pushing off the tips of your toes (you can’t jump flat-footed!).
  • The ball-handler’s pivot foot is automatically assigned if they catch a pass or rebound while only one foot is on the floor.
  • This is particular important vs. good defensive teams because good defensive teams give up fewer uncontested lay-ups at the rim.

Hen James Naismith invented basketball in the late 19th century, he was looking for a healthy indoor sport to tough out the Northeastern winters. Dribbling came later and traveling became a violation that limited players’ ability to run with the ball. Steps, e.g. landing on the right foot, putting down the left and displacing the right.

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Practice this while holding the basketball in a triple-threat or chin-and-protect position. Be mindful to keep both elbows up to protect not only the ball, but to also help keep defenders from bodying up and crowding the offensive player. Failure to keep the elbows high allows the defender to force the offensive player to step backward and lose balance. That allows the defender to get close enough to swipe the ball away. In basketball, traveling is a violation that occurs when a player takes too many steps without dribbling the ball.

Your weight should be on the balls of your feet , and have your feet about shoulder width apart. Keep your head up, eyes forward, arms out with your palms up and elbows bent a little. Learn to change speed from a fast run, to a slow hesitation, and then accelerate to full speed again. I have tried to combine several of these moves into one drill. Face away from the end line while standing on the lane line.

If the foot is flat, the player stands straight up instead of being low, balanced and powerful. Remember “heels up.” The pivot foot should contact the floor only with the area of the foot directly behind and across all the toes. When approaching the basket to shoot a layup, take as long of a step as possible with the foot of the outside leg .

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The defense’s best method of preventing this possibility is to take away the offense’s space. The defense’s goal is to prevent the offense from scoring. The defense’s best method of preventing this possibility is to take away the offense’s space. At the same time your legs are working, your hands and arms are swinging up as high as possible. The upward force of the arms swinging may provide more lift, and you need to get them stretched as high as possible to get that rebound .

traveling violation

To mount on, attach by, or provide with a massachusetts state income tax or pivots. The team on offense must bring the ball across the midcourt line within 8 seconds. The dancers pivoted on their toes and changed direction. Plus, you’ll receive new drills, plays, scoring tips and coaching strategies delivered to your inbox each month. Once both sides are complete, start drill again using the top foot. Your baseline line foot should be back in order to force the ball-handler toward the baseline.

In wider extended use, it can imply a change of direction (“The company pivoted towards marketing remote learning tools and resources”). If the defender jams the back pivot, the offensive player can apply an up and under or reverse pivot counter. Some coaches that like the dribble-drive attack teach the split-step instead of triple-threat. With this, the player receiving the pass immediately starts a dribble-drive instead of getting into triple threat and pausing to read the defense. Lot of players and coaches think that jumping is some skill that you are born with – either you have it or you don’t. You can improve jumping ability considerably, otherwise our Olympic high-jumpers would never practice.

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Traveling is also called, predominantly in a streetball game, “walking” or “steps”. If the pivot foot is lifted, a pass or try for made basket must be made before the pivot foot is replaced to the floor. In the NBA and FIBA, players are also given a “gather step”. To maximize the effect of this move, push off the pivot foot like a sprinter using a jump step and raising the opposite knee high to increase explosiveness. This move is highly effective without any fakes, especially if you can lull the defender into being still and flat-footed.

It depends on whether you already have possession of the ball or not , and whether or not you have already used up the one-step that you are entitled to. Post players must be adept at pivoting on either foot. A low-post player who has his/her back to the basket is often wise to receive the ball with both feet planted . You may raise your pivot foot to shoot or pass, provided the ball leaves your hands before the pivot foot returns to the court. For instance, a player who bobbles a pass may well take several steps legally—the traveling rule is not in effect until he has secured control of the ball.


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